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GLS Add. GA - Georg Althaus Photographs (including Hanns Weltzel Papers and Photographs)

Georg Althaus Photographs (including Hanns Weltzel Papers and Photographs)

Reference GB 141 GLS Add. GA
Held at University of Liverpool Library, Special Collections and Archives
Dates of Creation 1907 - 1960s
Physical Description 2 albums of negatives, a box of 10 boxes of slides, 4 files of papers, 11 albums of photographs, 4 files of photographs and a box of negatives and slides
Name of Creator Georg Althaus. Pastor to Gypsy Mission, Gypsiologist
Language of Material German
Cataloguing Info [ hide ]
Title List of the Georg Althaus Photographs (including Hanns Weltzel Papers and Photographs)
Author Katy Hooper and Lorna Williams
Publication University of Liverpool Special Collections and Archives 2003
Creation Created using Xemacs Open Source Text Editor, 2003
Revisions

Scope and Content

The Georg Althaus collection comprises negatives, slides and photographs taken by Hanns Weltzel during the 1930s and 1940s, of the Sinti and aspects of Sinti life, mainly in Germany but also eastern Europe. It includes papers collected or written by Hanns Weltzel relating to the Sinti, their language and geneaology. The predominant Gyspy tribes that are represented are Lòwàra, Kelderara, Láleri and Ungri (note: Althaus' spelling of these names varies throughout). There are further photographs of Gypsies, taken by different photographers in most parts of Europe, ranging from 1907-1960s though the bulk are from 1930s onwards. There are also photographs of the Gypsy mission in the 1940s-1960s.

Biography

Georg Althaus

Hermann Martin Georg Althaus was born in Mamba, German East Africa, in 1898. His father was a missionary working on behalf of the (Lutheran) Leipzig Mission. Althaus attended university in Göttingen and Leipzig, and his interest in Sinti and Roma dates from his student days. When he became minister to the parish in Timmerlah, near Braunschweig, he had occasion to meet and help local Sinti, and began to study their language and culture. Under the Nazi regime, Althaus lost contact with Sinti, but he distinguished himself by using his ministry to demonstrate his disapproval of the persecution of the Jews. As a result, in 1936 he was sentenced to six months' imprisonment and suspended from his ministry.

Althaus' activities after 1945 were shaped by his experience under National Socialism, and had two emphases. He became nationally known for his campaign to expose the members of the Lutheran church hierarchy who had collaborated with the Nazi regime. He also revived his interest in the Sinti, after making contact with a group of families settled in Hildesheim in 1952. He established a ministry to 'Israel and the Gypsies', which was officially approved by the church authorities in 1957. Conceived as an act of atonement for the crimes committed between 1933 and 1945, the ministry developed into a service exclusively to Sinti. Between 1957 and 1963 Althaus was in more or less permanent conflict with the regional church authorities as a result both of his political activities and of his efforts to ensure that his ministry received adequate financial and administrative support. In fact, Althaus ran the ministry out of the apartment which housed his large family and drew on his personal resources to support it. Althaus carried on an intensive correspondence with most of the principal German gypsiologists, as well as with Dora Yates. He also engaged in press exchanges with Eva Justin, one of the leading Nazi race scientists still active after the war, and provided testimony for her (unsuccessful) prosecution. Althaus retired from the ministry in 1963. He died in Braunschweig in 1974.

Althaus became aware of Hanns Weltzel in the early 1950s, as a result of an altercation with members of the Hildesheim Sinti who had been among Weltzel's subjects. Through the mediation of Dora Yates, Althaus contacted Weltzel's widow, Klara, who was still living in Roßlau. In return for regular gifts of food (and possibly cash), Klara Weltzel gradually handed over the bulk of Weltzel's remaining papers and photographs to Althaus. The current order of the Weltzel photographs - catalogued, numbered, and bound in albums - may date from the autumn of 1963, when Althaus travelled to the University of Halle; at a conference organised by Prof. Heinz Mode, Althaus lectured on Sinti life, using Weltzel's pictures. On that occasion he also visited Klara Weltzel for the first and only time.

Hanns Weltzel

Johannes Otto Luis (Hanns) Weltzel, was born in Breslau, the son of a commercial employee, but the family moved to Leipzig in 1910. After his father's death (probably during the First World War) Hanns and his mother settled with his maternal grandmother in Roßlau, an industrial suburb of Dessau. After finishing secondary school there, Weltzel went on to train for work in the lumber business. he worked for various firms in Roßlau in the 1920s, suffered unemployment in the depression, and developed his literary and scientific interests into a small-scale journalistic career. By his own account, he began publishing in the Anhalter Anzeiger (Dessau) in 1932, and throughout the late thirties he regularly published vignettes of Roßlau life and history in its daily pages and full-page features in the weekend supplement. He also published occasional pieces of literary criticism, but the principal emphasis of his journalism alongside local history was natural history, and particularly the study of snakes. From 1934 onwards, he regularly gave radio talks on natural science, and his first book was a popular study of the qualities and habits of snakes published in the same year. Two further volumes followed, Erk Alberger (1936), a family saga set in and around Roßlau, and Der Vormittagsreiter (1941), an essayistic study of equestrainism. In November 1935 Weltzel married Klara Czychowski, four years his junior, whose family owned a men's outfitting shop in Roßlau; the marriage was childless. Weltzel's interest in the Sinti people around Roßlau, and his earliest photographs of Romani subjects, appear to date from the early 1930s. Weltzel's interest in philology and dialectology led him to learn and record the language of the Sinti as well as observing their way of life. By 1936 he had gathered sufficient data to be invited to submit an article to the Journal of the Gypsy Lore Society (JGLS) (see Weltzel's letters to Dora Yates 1936-1938 in the GLS Archive GLS IX 49-54). Weltzel formed a particularly close relationship with the Sinto Lamperli, whose father was the "puru", or authoritative elder of a group of interconnected families. Lamperli was one of the few members of his extended family to survive the Nazi persecution of Romanies. Weltzel also survived the war, and returned to Roßlau. He was arrested in April 1952 under the charge of espionage and anti-Soviet activities and executed the following September. His widow, Klara, died in Roßlau in 1964, the year after Lamperli; in her last years she eked out her income by selling Weltzel's photographs to Georg Althaus.

Arrangement

  • GA 1: Weltzel photographic archive
  • GA 2: Weltzel papers
  • GA 3: Althaus photographic archive

Access Conditions

Access is open to bona fide researchers

Copyright/Reproduction Conditions

Reproduction and licensing rules available on request

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Given by Dorothee Althaus-Pultke, daughter of Georg Althaus, via Eve Rosenhaft, November 2001.

Copies in Other Formats

Many of the Hanns Weltzel photographs (GA 3) correspond to numbered photographic negatives (GA 1/1) and photographic slides (GA 1/2), also in the archive

Related Material

Letters, photographs and typescripts from Hanns Weltzel (1930s-1940s) and from Georg Althaus (1950s-1970s) to Dora Yates in the Gypsy Lore Society Archive and Scott Macfie Manuscripts.


Separated Material

Personal papers in the possession of Dorothee Althaus-Pultke (Braunschweig) (for deposit in public archives).

Papers relating to Althaus' ministry and relations with the church hierarchy: Landeskirchliches Archiv Braunschweig.

Bibliography

Jochimsen, Lukrezia. Zigeuner heute : Untersuchung einer Außenseitergruppe in einer deutschen Mittelstadt. Stuttgart : F. Enke, 1963. (an anonymous study of the Sinti families to whom Althaus ministered)

Rosenhaft, Eve. A Photographer and His "Victims" 1934-1964: Reconstructing a Shared Experience of the Romani Holocaust.

Kuessner, Dietrich. 'Bekennen und Vergeben in der Nachkriegszeit. Ein Beitrag zum Verständnis der Auseinandersetzung von Landesbischof D. Martin Erdmann mit Max Witte und Georg Althaus', in K.E. Pollmann (ed.), Der schwierige Weg in die Nachkriegszeit. Die Evangelisch-lutherische Landeskirche in Braunschweig 1945-1950, Götteingen: Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht, 1995. Kuessner, Dietrich. Geschichte der Braunschweigischen Landeskirche 1930-1947 im Überblick, Buddenstedt: Rhin,1981. Margalit, Gilad. 'Großer Gott, ich danke Dir, daß Du kleine schwarze Kinder gemacht hast', WerkstattGeschichte 25 (2000), pp. 59-73.

Controlled Access Terms

Subjects
Romanies
RomaniesNazi persecution
Personal Names
Althaus Georg 1898-1974 Pastor
Weltzel Hanns 1910-1952 Ethnographer

Hanns Weltzel photographic archive () - Hanns Weltzel

Reference GLS Add. GA 1
Physical Description 2 albums of negatives and 10 boxes of slides

Photographic negatives () - Hanns Weltzel

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1
Physical Description 2 small green albums of 108 and 124 negatives

Scope and Content

The albums comprise of negatives of Gypsies and Gypsy life in Germany and eastern Europe. The albums have been indexed and the negatives numbered by Althaus in series I-IV; VII-VIII, though numbering is not continuous. The majority of the negatives have duplicates in slide or photograph format (GA 1/2 and GA 3) and reference has been made to these. The captions are those taken from the index except for unindexed negatives, whereupon the caption has been taken from a duplicate photograph or slide. Where there is no duplicate, the caption simply describes what can be seen in the negative. The list also includes 22 negatives that are indexed in the albums but are missing. There is a closed section from GA 1/1/53 - GA 1/1/68 due to the sensitive nature of the negatives.


Ehepaar Weltzel. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/1
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered I01. Photograph GA 3/6/4 and GA 3/1/2. Slide GA 1/2/192.


Ehepaar Weltzel. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/2
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered I02. Photograph GA 3/1/1


Roßlau, Dessauerstr Kegli. Julius Braun, Bitterfield, 1939 Koitsch. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/3
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered I1. Photograph GA 3/1/3 and GA 3/15/1. Slide GA 1/2/1, GA 1/2/2 and GA 1/2/34


Neru. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/4
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered I2. Photograph GA 3/1/5 and GA 3/15/2. Slide GA 1/2/3 and GA 1/2/35


Neru. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/5
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered I2a. Photograph GA 3/1/4. Slide GA 1/2/36


Unku. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/6

Note

Numbered I3. Negative missing. Photograph GA 3/15/3. Slide GA 1/2/37


Printsu. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/7
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered I4. Photograph GA 3/1/7 and GA 3/15/4. Slide GA 1/2/4 and GA 1/2/38


Pupxen. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/8
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered I5. Photograph GA 3/1/6 and GA 3/15/5. Slide GA 1/2/5 and GA 1/2/39


Kalorom. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/9

Note

Numbered I6. Negative missing. Photograph GA 3/15/6. Slide GA 1/2/40


Fidela. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/10

Note

Numbered I7. Negative missing. Photograph GA 3/15/7. Slide GA 1/2/41


Dzöfi. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/11
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered I8. Photograph GA 3/1/26 and GA 3/15/8. Slide GA 1/2/6 and GA 1/2/43


Dzöfi. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/12
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered I8a. Negative not indexed. Photograph GA 3/1/27. Slide GA 1/2/42


Dzöfi. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/13
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered I9. Photograph GA 3/1/24 and GA 3/15/9. Slide GA 1/2/7 and GA 1/2/44


Dzöfi. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/14

Note

Numbered I10. Negative missing. Photograph GA 3/1/25 and GA 3/15/11. Slide GA 1/2/45


Dzöfi und Rupa. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/15

Note

Numbered I11. Negative missing. Photograph GA 3/15/12. Slide GA 1/2/46


Nacht. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/16

Note

Numbered I12. Negative missing. Photograph GA 3/15/13. Slide GA 1/2/47


Freini. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/17

Note

Numbered I13. Negative missing. Photograph GA 3/15/14. Slide GA 1/2/48


Title indecipherable. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/18

Note

Numbered I14. Negative missing. Slide GA 1/2/8, GA 1/2/49 and GA 1/2/234. See photograph GA 3/3/15


Grab Ott? ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/19

Note

Numbered I15. Negative missing. Slide GA 1/2/9 and GA 1/2/50. Photograph GA 3/3/20, GA 3/1/68 and GA 3/15/17


Rinu. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/20
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered I16. Photograph GA 3/2/65 and GA 3/15/15. Slide GA 3/15/114


Kakal. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/21

Note

Numbered I17. Negative missing. Photograph GA 3/15/18. Slide GA 1/2/51


Tsiga. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/22
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered I18. Photograph GA 3/1/8 and GA 3/15/19. Slide GA 1/2/10 and GA 1/2/52


Tsiga. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/23
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered I18a. Photograph GA 3/1/9. Slide GA 1/2/53


Tsiga. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/24
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered I18b. Photograph GA 3/1/10. Slide GA 1/2/54


Wupa. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/25
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered I19. Photograph GA 3/1/11 and GA 3/15/20. Slide GA 1/2/11 and GA 1/2/59


Wupa. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/26
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered I19a. Photograph GA 3/1/13. Slide GA 1/2/57 and GA 1/2/58


Wupa. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/27
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered I19b. Photograph GA 3/1/12. Slide GA 1/2/55 and GA 1/2/56


Rupa. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/28

Note

Numbered I20. Negative missing. Photograph GA 3/15/10. Slide GA 1/2/60


Unku. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/29

Note

Numbered I21. Negative missing. Photograph GA 3/15/21. Slide GA 1/2/61


Haarpracht. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/30
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered I22. Photograph GA 3/1/14 and GA 3/15/22. Slide GA 1/2/12 and GA 1/2/62


Biella. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/31
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered I23. Photograph GA 3/1/16, GA 3/15/23 and GA 3/15/37. Slide GA 1/2/13 and GA 1/2/63


Kinderwiege. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/32
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered I24. Photograph GA 3/1/30 and GA 3/15/24. Slide GA 1/2/14 and GA 1/2/64


Geburtszelt. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/33
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered I25. Photograph GA 3/1/17 and GA 3/15/25. Slide GA 1/2/15 and GA 1/2/65


Geburtzelt und Wagen. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/34
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered I25a. Photograph GA 3/1/20. Slide GA 1/2/66


Geburtzelt und Wagen. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/35
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered I25b. Photograph GA 3/1/18 and GA 3/15/38. Slide GA 1/2/67


Geburtzelt und Wagen. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/36
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered I25c. Photograph GA 3/1/19. Slide GA 1/2/68


Geburtzelt und Wagen. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/37
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered I25d. Slide GA 1/2/289


Kelderara Wagen. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/38
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered I25e. Photograph GA 3/1/21. Slide GA 1/2/69


Kelderara Wagen. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/39
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered I25f. Photograph GA 3/1/22. Slide GA 1/2/70


Sä. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/40
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered I25g. Photograph GA 3/5/57 and GA 3/15/39. Slide GA 1/2/71


Dä. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/41
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered I25h. Photograph GA 3/1/23. Slide GA 1/2/72


Wagen des Mets. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/42
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered I26. Photograph GA 3/1/28 and GA 3/15/26. Slide GA 1/2/16 and GA 1/2/73


Kastanja. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/43
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered I27. Photograph GA 3/1/32 and GA 3/15/27. Slide GA 1/2/17 and GA 1/2/74


Rupa. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/44
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered I28. Photograph GA 3/1/34 and GA 3/15/28. Slide GA 1/2/18 and GA 1/2/75


Wiena. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/45
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered I29. Photograph GA 3/1/35 and GA 3/15/29. Slide GA 1/2/19 and GA 1/2/76


Mari. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/46
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered I30. Photograph GA 3/1/33 and GA 3/15/30. Slide GA 1/2/20 and GA 1/2/77


Bosa. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/47
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered I31. Photograph GA 3/1/36 and GA 3/15/31. Slide GA 1/2/21 and GA 1/2/78


Goldeman. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/48
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered I32. Photograph GA 3/1/37, GA 3/15/32 and GA 3/15/40. Slide GA 1/2/22 and GA 1/2/79


Bulu. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/49
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered I33. Photograph GA 3/1/38 and GA 3/15/33. Slide GA 1/2/23 and GA 1/2/80


Nackte Jungen. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/50
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered I34. Photograph GA 3/1/31 and GA 3/15/34. Slide GA 1/2/24 and GA 1/2/81


Freini. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/51

Note

Numbered I35. Negative missing. Photograph GA 3/15/35. Slide GA 1/2/82


Mets. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/52

Note

Numbered I36. Negative missing. Photograph GA 3/15/36. Slide GA 1/2/83


Closed to Access ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/53-68
Physical Description 16 negatives

Conditions Governing Access

Closed Access


Lager. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/69

Note

Numbered II1. Negative missing. Slide GA 1/2/84


Lager. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/70
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered II2. Photograph GA 3/1/39. Slide GA 1/2/85


Lager. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/71
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered II2a. Photograph GA 3/1/43. Slide GA 1/2/86


Lager. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/72
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered II3. Photograph GA 3/1/41. Slide GA 1/2/87


Kl. Weltzel. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/73
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered II4. Photograph GA 3/1/42. Slide GA 1/2/25 and GA 1/2/88


TÜrfenster. ()

Reference GLS Add. GA 1/1/74
Physical Description 1 Negative, black and white

Note

Numbered II5. Photograph GA 3/1/44. Slide GA 1/2/26 and GA 1/2/89